What is meant by a PhD degree?
A PhD is an academic degree that combines general knowledge of a field with a specific mastery of a sub-topic within that field. Students typically study this degree when they are interested in an academic or research career.
A PhD degree is the highest academic degree a student can obtain. It means Doctor of Philosophy, which refers to the tremendous knowledge that a student acquires upon obtaining the degree. For example, having a PhD in Economic Sciences means that you have a general foundation in the field, as well as that you specialise in a more focused area such as home economics or government.
The duration of the doctoral degree study
A full-time PhD usually lasts for three to four years and may last up to six years with part-time. The length of a PhD depends on a range of factors, such as your funding arrangements, your country and institution of study, and the nature of your research topic.
The type of program you are enrolled in can also affect the duration of your PhD, as some majors or programs now include additional training, teaching, or projects that can extend the overall duration of your PhD.
Most doctoral degrees require a full 120 credit hours of study with the completion of a doctoral thesis to complete the degree.
How do I apply for a PhD?
1. Choose your area of research
2. Decide what type of PhD you want to study
3. Contact potential supervisors and pitch the idea to them
4. Check the university's PhD entry requirements
5. Check fees and possible financing options
What are the documents that must be submitted in the application for a doctoral degree study?
1. Academic CV
2 Previous academic transcripts
3. Personal statement letter
4. Research proposal
5. Academic recommendations
6. Language requirements upon request
Do I need a master's degree to get a PhD?
The majority of educational institutions and universities require doctoral candidates to obtain a master's degree and a bachelor's degree in certain percentages according to the field or specialisation to be studied, however some universities require only a bachelor's degree, and self-financed doctoral students or those with significant professional experience may also be accepted.
Stages of studying a doctoral degree:
The PhD degree is usually divided into three stages as follows:
The first stage - you will meet with your supervisor to discuss your research proposal and agree on an action plan for implementation with deadlines, after that you will, in cooperation with your supervisor, hold evaluation meetings and criticise the direction of your project and ensure that your research will be original according to the correct academic conditions.
Phase 2 - Gather results and develop your thesis. You will likely begin writing chapters of your dissertation. You may also present your findings and ideas at academic conferences, gain teaching experience, collaborate with other students on similar projects, or pass on the benefits of your research to the general public. During workshops, lectures, and presentations, or submit work for publication in an academic journal or book.
Stage 3 - mainly involves writing the thesis, after your supervisor gives his/her approval, you will submit your thesis before taking a one-to-three-hour oral exam where you will discuss and defend your thesis in the presence of at least one internal and external examiner.
The importance of studying a Ph.D.
There are a number of reasons why you might want to study a PhD, for example: